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6 edition of The future of the Western Sahara referendum found in the catalog.

The future of the Western Sahara referendum

Hearing before the Subcommittee on Africa of the Committee on International Relations, House of Representatives, ... Congress, second session, September 24, 1998

by United States

  • 299 Want to read
  • 16 Currently reading

Published by For sale by the U.S. G.P.O., Supt. of Docs., Congressional Sales Office .
Written in English


The Physical Object
Number of Pages46
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL7378203M
ISBN 100160582458
ISBN 109780160582455

Largely ignored by the international community, the question of Western Sahara's future continues to have increased strategic relevance in geopolitical and economic terms. Not merely a standard post-colonial conflict among territorial integration, independent statehood, and partition, the Western Sahara issue elicits a deeper resonance of.


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The future of the Western Sahara referendum by United States Download PDF EPUB FB2

Despite all the efforts made by the UN since to conduct a referendum on the future of the Sahara, it failed to achieve this goal. However, when reading the.

Western Sahara (Arabic: الصحراء الغربية ‎‎ aṣ-Ṣaḥrā' al-Gharbiyyah; Berber languages: Taneẓroft Tutrimt; Spanish and French: Sahara Occidental) is a disputed territory on the northwest coast and in the Maghreb region of North and West Africa, partially controlled by the self-proclaimed Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic and partially occupied by neighboring y: Morocco (as its "Southern Provinces").

A more hopeful analogy to Western Sahara is East Timor; and José Ramos Horta, its independence leader and Nobel Laureate, has written the introduction to Shelley’s book. Inthat same fateful year that Portugal ceded and Indonesia (illegally) annexed East Timor, a similar drama played out in what was then called Spanish Sahara.

The reason why the Polisario rejected James Baker's proposal, was that it would have to abandon the long-promised referendum on Western Sahara's future and accept the territory as a part of Morocco, but with considerable autonomy.

Morocco’s ongoing refusal to allow for the long-planned UN-sponsored referendum on the fate of Western Sahara to move forward, combined with a growing nonviolent resistance campaign in the occupied territory against Moroccan occupation authorities, has led Morocco to propose granting the former Spanish colony special autonomous status within the kingdom.

There is no prospect of resolving the decades-old conflict between Morocco and the Sahrawi independence movement Polisario on the future of Western Secretary-General of the United Nations, Mr.

Ban Ki-moon, came to this conclusion in a gloomy report, dated 6 Aprilto the Security Ki-moon reported that "it is clear that neither side is willing to accept another. When Mauritania withdrew from the conflict in ,the only opponent of the Saharawi remained Morocco, which occupies most of the country (80%) with the help of a defensive military structure, called the Western Sahara Berm, erected from north to south and running for approximately 2, Berm is a series of mined sand dunes.

The Saharawi people have built the struggle for. Get this from a library. The future of the Western Sahara referendum: hearing before the Subcommittee on Africa of the Committee on International Relations, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, second session, Septem [United States.

Congress. House. Committee on International Relations. Subcommittee on Africa.]. Western Sahara is a non-self-governing territory on the northwest coast of Africa bordered by Morocco, Mauritania, and Algeria. After Spain withdrew from its former colony of Spanish Sahara inMorocco annexed the northern two-thirds of Western Sahara and claimed the rest of the territory infollowing Mauritania's withdrawal.

Jensen’s book Western Sahara: Anatomy of Stalemate () completes Shelly’s book with the sense of trying to answer the same questions laid out in both books.

I Author: Mohammed Mansouri. Bolton is known for supporting a self-determination referendum for Western Sahara, as advocated by Polisario and Algeria, and years ago called for a withdrawal of MINURSO as a way to pressure Morocco and Polisario to work out a deal on the final status of Western Sahara.

A petitioner appealed today for the parties to the dispute over Western Sahara to approach the issue in a spirit of compromise, rather than resurrecting old. Perspectives on Western Sahara provides in-depth and well-balanced analysis on a long-term international dispute, and in a broad region - Sahel - where multiple crisis are strongly connected.

This collective book is composed of various contributions from well-recognized serious experts coming from various horizons and nationalities.5/5(1). The long-running conflict over the sovereignty of Western Sahara has involved all the states of northwest Africa and many beyond since Spain ceded the territory to Morocco and Mauritania in Erik Jensen traces the evolution of the conflict - from its colonial roots to its present manifestation as a political stalemate.

Jensen reviews the history of the dispute, describes the quest by the. Life is Waiting: Referendum and Resistance in Western Sahara. 1, likes 3 talking about this. Life is Waiting: Referendum and Resistance in Western Sahara -- the new documentary film by director.

How the Western Sahara's history and future is tangled up with Moroccan--Algerian rivalry. The political development of Polisario, independence movement and state-in-waiting. Toby Shelley has talked to Polisario, Moroccan, Algerian and other diplomats. He has visited the territory and had access to opposition activists and Moroccan officials.5/5(1).

Following the complex steps of the referendum minuet, Toby Shelley provides a detailed account of the region's history since ' - The Economist'An excellent new book', Ian Black, The Guardian, 18 October 'Shelley's book is the most comprehensive contribution to the debate over Western Sahara in English since Tony Hodge's seminal 'Roots.

Western Sahara, territory ( est. pop. ,),sq mi (, sq km), NW Africa, occupied by Morocco. It borders on the Atlantic Ocean in the west, on Morocco in the north, on Algeria in the northeast, and on Mauritania in the east and south.

Western Sahara Because of my work in Bush 41 and then with Jim Baker on the Western Sahara, I had a particular interest in trying to wrap up this fifteen-year-old peacekeeping operation, and in giving the residents of the territory the referendum on its future status they had long been promised.

About 70% of Western Sahara was occupied by Morocco, which stations up tosoldiers in the territory, primarily along a kilometre long sand berm that is protected by one of the world’s largest fields of landmines.

InMorocco and the Polisario Front agreed to a truce ahead of a referendum on Western Sahara’s future.5/5(1). By Stephen Zunes * Foreign Policy in Focus J Morocco's ongoing refusal to allow for the long-planned UN-sponsored referendum on the fate of Western Sahara to move forward, combined with a growing nonviolent resistance campaign in the occupied territory against Moroccan occupation authorities, has led Morocco to propose granting the former Spanish colony special autonomous.

The Western Sahara conflict has proven to be one of the most protracted and intractable struggles facing the international community. Pitting local nationalist determination against Moroccan territorial ambitions, the dispute is further complicated by regional tensions with Algeria and the geo-strategic concerns of major global players, including the United States, France, and the territory.

The message was blunt and judgmental as the United States delivered its ultimatum on the future of the United Nations mission in Western Sahara: “MINURSO is a peacekeeping mission that should have finished its job a long time ago.

This is a mission that began 27 years ago almost to the day. This was a Read more John Bolton Cracks the Whip on the UN Mission in Western Sahara.

By Natalya Marquand Honors Project in International Relations Professor: Beth Dougherty Beloit College April Published in. In April, the U.N. Security Council approved a resolution aimed at speeding up a solution to the year conflict over the Western Sahara.

The U.N. brokered a cease-fire in and established a peacekeeping mission to monitor it and to help prepare a referendum on the territory’s future that has never taken place. The result of the talks on Thursday and Friday could spell out the future of the United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara, or MINURSO, established as part of a ceasefire.

Buy Endgame in the Western Sahara: What Future for Africa's Last Colony. 1 by Toby Shelley (ISBN: ) from Amazon's Book Store. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders.1/5(1). In response Morocco built a 1,mile long wall, heavily fortified and mined, which divides the Saharawi refugees from those who still live in the Occupied Territories.

In the United Nations brokered a ceasefire and agreed to organise a referendum in which the Saharawi people could vote on the future of Western Sahara. Nicolas Niarchos has contributed to The New Yorker since and is currently working on a book about the global cobalt industry.

More: Western Author: Nicolas Niarchos. Western Sahara is the last chapter of a story that began in the wake of World War II, when the world’s colonial empires started to break apart.

In the decades after the war, France spun off. This started in when the United States Government during President Clinton's second term decided that a referendum on the future of Western Sahara was a horrible idea from the beginning that.

Endgame in the Western Sahara: What Future for Africa's Last Colony. by Toby Shelley. London, UK and New York: Zed Books, in association with War and Want, pages.

$ Reviewed by James N. Sater. The Western Sahara issue is one of the world's most protracted international conflicts and the last remaining issue of decolonization in. About 70% of Western Sahara was occupied by Morocco, which stations up tosoldiers in the territory, primarily along a kilometre long sand berm that is protected by one of the world’s largest fields of landmines.

InMorocco and the Polisario Front agreed to a truce ahead of a referendum on Western Sahara’s future. The resignation of James Baker, the United Nations Secretary General’s personal envoy to Western Sahara, has thrown the referendum on the.

The natural resources at stake -- rich fishing grounds, phosphates, and the prospect of oil. The reasons behind the UN failure to resolve what is now Africa's last decolonisation issue.

The evolution of the USA-backed Baker Plan to settle the dispute. How the Western Sahara's history and future is tangled up with Moroccan--Algerian rivalry. Morocco has taken a page from China'a book, invading and colonizing Western Sahara without drawing the world's ire or attention and holding itself out as a great friend of the West as it crushes the Saharawis right to determine their future, something the U.N.

Charter says the U.N. was created to ensure. The United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO) observed and recorded 11 new violations by the Royal Moroccan Army between April and Aprila slight decrease.

The Pillars of France Doctrine in Western Sahara. Ali El Aallaoui. International Relations Expert. A great confusion and disagreement encircle France’s position over the Western Sahara conflict, mainly that France’s position is in favor of Morocco to undermine the peace process initially signed in between the Kingdom of Morocco and the Polisario Front (Frente Popular Para.

Rezette, Robert – The Western Sahara and the Frontiers of Morocco Rivkin, Benjamin – The Western Sahara: towards a referendum [90] Rothschild, David & Naomi Chazan, eds.

This article looks at the status of the struggle for Western Sahara 30 years after the inception of the conflict. The self-determination referendum for the Saharawis is still no nearer to being. This book is the first comprehensive study on the United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO).

Its aim is to not only to fill a gap in the literature on peacekeeping, but also to explore the implications and links between the mechanisms put in place by this peacekeeping mission in relation to conflict : The agreement consisted of a ceasefire and the celebration of a UN-sponsored referendum where the people of Western Sahara could have the final word on the future of their territory.

Inthe UN undertook a mission of blue helmets in the territory for the supervision of. The lack of progress has allowed Morocco to strengthen its hold on the resource-rich territory, even as the prospect of a referendum to decide Western Sahara's future – Author: Kristen Chick.